Every day we face different situations that bring different opportunities. These opportunities offer us different directions for the future events. The choice is ours. We can choose one of many decisions. Choosing the right decision is not an easy task. One single decision can make a huge difference in our life. For example, someone who is about to choose between a different studies is literally determining the professional and probably the private path in the life. Choosing the right decision requires a good judgment.
What is the judgment? Judgment can be defined as ability to conclude based on facts, in order to make further steps. Judgment is forming of conclusions and taking actions that consider facts, resources, and constraints and are based on perceptive observations.
Good judgment directly affect future course of professional and private events. The judgment can be based on various internal factors: knowledge, experience, information gathering and analysis and intuition. There are many external factors that influence the decision: second opinion, trends, media influence or direct suggestion from authority person.
Types of Judgment
Judgment has three kinds of judgment – value judgment, reality judgment and action judgment. The first two are the more fundamental and important. Action judgment is only called for by the interaction of value judgment and reality judgment.
The Action Judgment
Action judgment is a mental ability for decoupling the elements of a similar idea and combining them in a new way. The action judgment is involved in answering a question like, "What shall I do about it?" when ‘it’ has been defined by judgments of reality and value. Persistence is one of main attributes of person with action judgment.
The Reality Judgment
One of the gifts needed by those who make reality judgments is to know where to stop. They feel what is the point beyond efforts is not worth making. The maker of reality judgments needs detachment, objectivity balance, a clear mind to follow the complex permutations of the possible and practicable. The maker of reality judgments must is honest and clear minded. Above all, he/she needs a ready sense for those aspects of the situation which are most relevant.
The Value Judgment
If we were not concerned with values which we wanted to realize and preserve, we should have no interest in the situation and no incentive to action. The basic difficulty in all complex decisions is to balance the conflicting values involved. People usually find the appropriate standards of value which relate to their own standards or from those current in their surrounding. We are seldom conscious of doing more than apply a rule. In making a value judgment you should be aware of your own values, taking steps to minimize any bias when making judgments.
The good judgment should be based on gathering of all relevant information before judgments are made. The judgment should be unbiased. Judgment should be based on facts and objective data, not opinions.
Judgment is the skill that can be developed. To build your judgment skill considers all aspects in the complexity of issues involved in making the judgment. Build the judgment on your previous experience and knowledge of issues. Learn from experience of other people. Think "outside the box" to create ingenious alternatives for consideration.
Finally, bias can influence judgment and therefore you should aim to eliminate any bias from your judgment. This is probably the most difficult part in making judgment, since people tend to see what they want to see. Consequently they base the decision on the picture they want to see.